Nursing In Ghana

NURSING AND MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 1

In nursing there times writing full sentences or words are not time saving or sometimes to protect patient’s privacy. Here are some of the abbreviations used in nursing:

a – before
A&E – accident and emergency

LIST OF COMMON NURSING AND MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

In nursing there times writing full sentences or words are not time saving or sometimes to protect patient’s privacy. Here are some of the abbreviations used in nursing

  • a – before
  • A&E – accident and emergency
  • AAMI – age-associated memory impairment
  • AB – abortion
  • Ab – antibody
  • ABCDE – airway and cervical spine, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure
  • Abd ­ abdomen/abdominal
  • ABG – arterial blood gas
  • ABP – acute bacterial prostatitis
  • ABT – antibiotic therapy
  • AC – Adriamycin and Cytoxan
  • Ac – before meals ( ante cibum)
  • ACE – all-cotton elastic
  • ACE – angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • ACLS – Advanced Cardiac Life Support
  • ACTH – adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • AD – advance directive
  • AD – right ear (auricular dexter)
  • ad lib – as desired
  • ADA – American Diabetes Association
  • ADAMHA – Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration
  • ADC – AIDS dementia complex
  • ADH – antidiuretic hormone
  • ADL – activities of daily living
  • AEA – above-the-elbow amputation
  • AEB – as evidenced by
  • AED – automated external defibrillator
  • AFP – alpha-fetoprotein
  • Ag – antigen
  • AGA – appropriate for gestational age
  • AHF – antihaemophilic factor
  • AHG – antihaemophilic globulin
  • AI – adequate intake
  • AICD – automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • AIDS – Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • AIH – artificial insemination
  • AKA – Above knee amputation
  • ALL – acute lymphocytic leukaemia
  • ALS – amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • ALT – alanineaspartate aminotransferase
  • am – before noon( ante meridian)
  • AMA – against medical advice
  • Amb – Ambulatory, able to walk
  • AML – acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Amt – amount
  • Angio – angiogram
  • ANP – atrial natriuretic peptide
  • AP – apical pulse; assault precautions; anterior-posterior
  • AP – appendectomy
  • APGAR – A appearance (color) P pulse (heart rate) G grimace (irritability) A activity (muscle tone) R respiratory effort
  • APH – antepartum haemorrhage
  • APIE – assessment, plan, intervention, evaluation
  • APTT – activated partial thromboplastin time
  • aq – water
  • A-R – apical – radial (pulse)
  • ARC – American Red Cross
  • ARDD – alcohol-related developmental disability
  • ARDS – adult acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • ARND – alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
  • AROM – active range of motion; artificial rapture of membrane
  • ARRP – anatomic retropubic radical prostatectomy
  • AS – left ear (auricular sinister)
  • AS – sickle cell trait
  • ASA – acetylsalicyclic acid (aspirin)
  • AST – aspartate aminotransferase
  • ATLS – Advanced Trauma Life Support
  • ATN – acute tubular necrosis
  • ATP adenosine triphosphate
  • AU – both ears (auricular utro)
  • AV – atrioventricular
  • AVPU – Alert, Verbal, Pain Response, Unresponsive
  • B/P – blood pressure
  • BA – bowel action
  • Ba – barium
  • Ba Meal – barium meal
  • BBB – blood-brain barrier
  • BBP – blood-borne pathogens
  • BC – basal cell carcinoma
  • BCG – vaccine Bacilli Calmette-guerin vaccine
  • BCLS – Basic Cardiac Life Support
  • BCP – birth control pill
  • bd/ BD – twice a day
  • BE – barium enema x-ray
  • BEA – bellow-the-elbow amputation
  • BGL – blood glucose level
  • BGLs – blood glucose levels
  • bid – twice a day
  • BIDS – bedtime insulin and daytime sulfonylureas
  • BK – below knee
  • BKA – below knee amputation
  • BLL – blood lead level
  • BLS – Basic Life Support
  • BMI – body mass index
  • BMR – basal metabolic rate
  • BMT – bone marrow transplant
  • BNO – bowels not opened
  • BO – bowels opened
  • BOA – born out of asepsis
  • BP – blood pressure
  • BPAD – bipolar affective disorder
  • BPD – bipolar disorder
  • BPRS – Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
  • BRAT – bananas, rice, applesauce, toast
  • BRM – biologic response modifiers
  • BRP – bathroom privileges
  • BS – bowel sound
  • BSC – bedside commode
  • BSE – breast self-examination
  • BSL – blood sugar level
  • BUN – blood urine nitrogen
  • BWO – bowel well opened
  • C – Celsius
  • c – with
  • C/O complaint of
  • Ca – cancer/calcium
  • CABG – coronary artery bypass grafting
  • CAD – coronary artery disease
  • cap – capsule
  • CAPD – continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Card – cardiac
  • CAT – computerized adaptive testing
  • CAT – computerized axial tomography
  • Cath – catheter
  • CBC – complete blood count
  • CBE – charting by exception
  • CBP – chronic bacterial prostatitis
  • CC – chief complaint
  • cc – cubic centimeter
  • CCF – congestive cardiac failure
  • CCP – clinical care pathway
  • CCU – coronary care unit
  • CD – chemical dependency
  • CD4 – helper T lymphocytes
  • CEA – carcinoembryonic antigen; cultured epithelial autografts
  • CEH – continuing education hour
  • CEU – continuing education unit
  • CF – cystic fibrosis
  • CHC – community health center
  • CHF – congestive heart failure
  • CHHA – Certified Home Health Aide
  • CHO – carbohydrates
  • CIC – crisis intervention center
  • CJD – Creutzfeldt- Jakob disease
  • CLL – chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • CLTC – Citizen for Long-Term Care
  • cm – centimetre
  • CM – care/case manager
  • CMF – Cytoxan, methotrexate, fluorouracil
  • CMG – cystometrogram
  • CML – chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • CMMS – Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services
  • CMS – color, motion, sensitivity; circulation, mobility, sensation
  • CMV – cytomegalovirus
  • CNC – clinical nurse consultant
  • CNM – Certified Nurse Midwife
  • CNO – Community Nursing Organization; Chief Nursing Officer
  • CNS – central nervous system
  • CO – cardiac output
  • COA – children of alcoholics; coarctation of the aorta
  • COAs – children of alcoholics
  • COLD – chronic obstructive lung disease
  • Consult – consultation
  • COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • COTA – Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant
  • CPD – cephalopelvic disproportion
  • CPK – creatinine phosphokinase
  • CPM – continuous passive motion
  • CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • CPT – chest physiotherapy
  • CQI – contiguous (continuous) quality improvement
  • CRH – corticotropin-releasing hormone
  • CRNA – Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist
  • CRNH – Certified Registered Nurse-Hospice
  • CRP – C-reactive protein
  • CRU – Coronary Rehabilitation Unit
  • Cryo – cryoprecipitate
  • CS – complete stroke; cardiac sphincter; caesarean section
  • CSF – cerebrospinal fluid
  • CT – computed tomography
  • CT scan – computerised axial tomography scan
  • CUC – chronic ulcerative
  • CVA – cerebro-vascular accident
  • CVP – central venous pressure
  • CVS – chronic villus sampling
  • CWMS – colour, warmth, movement, sensation
  • CXR – chest X –ray
  • D & C – dilatation and curettage
  • DAPE – data, assessment, plan, evaluation
  • DARE – data, action, response, education
  • DAT – diet as tolerated
  • Db – decibel
  • DBP/dBP – diastolic blood pressure
  • DC or d/c discontinue
  • DCT – distal convoluted tubule
  • DDST – Denver Developmental Screening Test
  • DERM – dermatology
  • DES – diethylstilbestrol
  • DIC – disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • DISCUS – Dyskinesia Identification System-Condensed User
  • DJD – degenerative joint disease
  • DKA – diabetic ketoacidosis
  • dL – deciliter
  • DM – Diabetes mellitus
  • DME – Durable Medical Equipment
  • DMSA – 2, 3-dimercaptosuccinic acid
  • DNH – do not hospitalize
  • DNI – do not intubate
  • DNR – do not resuscitate
  • DOA – dead on arrival
  • DOB – date of birth
  • DPC – delayed primary closure
  • DPM – drop per minutes
  • Dr  – doctor/medical officer
  • DRF – drip rate factor
  • DRG – diagnosis-related group
  • DRI – dietary reference intake
  • DSH deliberate self- harm
  • DSM-IV – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revision IV
  • DT – diphtheria and tetanus toxoids
  • DTAD – drain tube attachment device
  • DtaP – diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis
  • DTP – diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine
  • DTs – delirium tremens
  • DVT – deep vein thrombosis
  • Dx (diag) – diagnosis
  • EAR – estimated average requirement
  • EB virus – Epstein – Barr virus
  • EBM – expressed breast milk
  • EC – emergency contraception
  • EC – enteric coat
  • ECF – extended care facility; extracellular fluid
  • ECG – electrocardiogram
  • ECT – Electroconvulsive therapy
  • ED – emergency department; erectile dysfunction
  • EDC – estimated date of confinement
  • EEG – electroenocephalogram
  • EGH – oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • e-IPV – enhanced potency inactivated poliovirus vaccine
  • ELISA – enzyme-linked immunosorbent  assay
  • elix – elixir
  • EMB – ethambutol
  • Emerg – emergency department
  • EMG – electromyogram
  • ENG – electronystagmography
  • ENT – ear, nose and throat
  • EP – escape (elopement) precautions
  • EPSE – extrapyramidal side effects
  • ERCP – endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • ERG – electroretinogram
  • ERT – estrogen replacement therapy
  • ERV – expiratory reserve volume
  • ESP – extrasensory perception
  • ESR – erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • ESRD End – stage renal disease
  • ESWL – extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  • ET – enterostomal therapist
  • ETOH – ethanol (alcohol)
  • ETOH W/D – alcohol withdrawal
  • EUA – examination under anaesthetic
  • ext – extract
  • F – Fahrenheit
  • FADL – functional activities of daily living
  • FAM – fertility awareness method
  • FAS – fetal alcohol syndrome
  • FBC – fluid balance chart or full blood count
  • FBP – fetal biophysical profile
  • FBS – fasting blood sugar
  • Fe – iron
  • FES – functional electrical stimulation
  • FF – forced feeding or forced fluids
  • FFP – fresh-frozen plasma
  • FHC – family health center
  • FHT – fetal heart tones
  • FPG – fasting plasma glucose
  • FRC – functional residual capacity
  • FRV – functional residue volume
  • FSH Follicle – stimulating hormone
  • FTT – failure to thrive
  • FVD – fluid volume deficit
  • FVE – fluid volume excess
  • FWB – full weight bearing
  • FWD full ward diet
  • Fx – fracture
  • g- gram
  • G – gauze
  • G6PD – glucose 6-phosphodehydrogenase
  • GA – general anaesthesia
  • GABHS – group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus
  • GCS – Glasgow Coma Scale
  • GDM – gestational diabetes mellitus
  • GERD – gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • GERI – geriatrics
  • GFR – glomerulofiltration rate
  • GH – growth hormone
  • GI – gastrointestinal
  • GIT – gastrointestinal tract
  • GP – general practitioner
  • GT – gastrostomy
  • GTN – glyceryl trinitrate
  • GTT – glucose tolerance test
  • GV – Symbol for gray
  • GVH – Graft – versus host disease
  • GYNE – gynaecology
  • h – hour
  • HAI – Hospital – acquired infection
  • Hb – haemoglobin
  • HCG Human chorionic gonadotrophin
  • HCL – Hydrochloric acid
  • hct – hematocrit
  • HDU – high dependency unit
  • hgb – hemoglobin
  • HIV – Human immunodeficiency virus
  • HNPU – has not passed urine
  • HNV – has not voided
  • HOB – head of bead
  • HRT – Hormone replacement therapy
  • hs – hour of sleep, bedtime
  • ICN – Infection control nurse
  • ICP – Intracranial pressure
  • ICSH – Interstitial cell stimulating hormone
  • ICU – Intensive care unit
  • ID – intradermal
  • ID band – patient identification band/bracelet
  • IDC – indwelling catheter
  • IDDM – insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • IM – intramuscular
  • IMI – intramuscular injection
  • IMV – Intermittent mandatory ventilation
  • INR – international normalised ratio
  • IPAV – Intermittent positive airway ventilation
  • IQ – Intelligence quotient
  • Isol – isolation
  • ISQ – in status quo/remain the same
  • ITP – Idiopathic – thrombocytopenic purpura
  • ITU – Intensive therapy unit
  • IU – international unit
  • IUCD – Intrauterine contraceptive device
  • IV – intravenous
  • IV Morph – intravenous morphine
  • IVABs – intravenous antibiotics
  • IVF – Invitro fertilization
  • IVF – intravenous fluids
  • IVI – intravenous injection
  • IVP – Intra venous pyelography
  • IVPB – intravenous piggyback
  • IVT – intravenous therapy
  • IVU – Intravenous urography
  • JVP – jugular venous pressure
  • Kg – kilogram
  • KVO – keep veins open
  • L – litre
  • L&S BP – lying & standing blood pressure
  • L/min – litres per minute
  • LA – local anaesthetic
  • LAD – left anterior descending (coronary artery)
  • Lat – lateral
  • LE – Lupus erythematosus
  • LFT – liver function test
  • LH – Luteinizing hormone
  • LL – lower lobe
  • LLQ – left lower quadrant
  • LMO – local medical officer
  • LMP – last menstrual period
  • LOA -Left occipito anterior
  • LOC – loss of consciousness
  • LOP – Left occipito posterior
  • LP – lumbar puncture
  • LUO – left upper quadrant
  • Mane – morning
  • MC&S – microscopy, culture and sensitivity (tests)
  • Mcg – micrograms
  • MCHC – Corpuscular haemoglobin concentration
  • MCV – Corpuscular volume
  • ME – Myalgic encephalomyelitis
  • Meds – medications
  • Mg – milligram
  •  Mgs – milligrams
  • MI – myocardial infarction
  • MLNS Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
  • mls – millilitres
  • mls/hr – millilitres per hour
  • mm Hg – millimetres of mercury
  • mmol – millimole/millimoles
  • MMR – Measles mumps rubella vaccine
  • Mo – medical officer (doctor)
  • MODS – Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
  • MRI – Magnetic resonance imaging
  • MRSA – Methicillin – resistant staphylococcus aureus
  • MS – multiple sclerosis
  • MSSU – midstream specimen of urine
  • MVA – motor vehicle accident
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Jude Arko

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