Nursing In Ghana

COMMON LABORATORY VALUES

Common Laboratory Values
VALUE NORMAL RANGE
UNIT
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT
Red Blood Cell (RBC) M: 4.5—5.5
F: 4.0—4.9
x105/ml
White Blood Cell (WBC) 4,500—10,000 cells/mcL
Platelets 100,000—450,000 cells/mcL
Hemoglobin (Hgb) M: 13.5—16.5
F: 12.0—15.0
Pregnant: 10—15
g/dL
Hematocrit (Hct) M: 41—50%
F: 36—44%
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) 80—100 fL
DIFFERENTIAL COUNT
Neutrophils 54—62%
Eosinophils 1—3%
Basophils 0—0.75%
Lymphocytes 25—33%
Monocytes 3—7%
SERUM ELECTROLYTES
Sodium (Na+) 135—145 mEq/L
Potassium (K+) 3.5—5.5 mEq/L
Chloride (Cl-) 95—105 mEq/L
Calcium 8.5—10.9 mEq/L
Calcium, ionized 2.24—2.46 mEq/L
Magnesium (Mg) 1.5—2.5 mEq/L
Phosphorus (P) 2.5—4.5 mEq/L
URINALYSIS
Volume 1,000—2,000 mL/day
30 mL/hour
Specific Gravity 1.010—1.020
pH 4.5—8
Casts 1—2 per high power field
Glucose none
Protein none
Uric Acid F: 3.5—7.2
M: 2.6—6.0
mg/dL
CHEMISTRY VALUES
Glucose Adults: 70—110 mg/dL
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Adults: 7—18
Child: 5—20
Infant: 5—15
mg/dL
Serum Creatinine 0.6—1.35 mg/dL
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) F: 85—132
M: 90—138
mL/min
Albumin 3.4—5.0 g/dL
Bilirubin <1.0 mg/dL
Uric Acid 3.5—7.5 mg/dL
Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) 21—198 units/L
COAGULATION STUDIES
Prothrombin Time (PT) 11—14 seconds
Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) 25—35 seconds
International Normalized Ratio (INR) 0.8—1.2
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) 1.5—2.5
Fibrinogen 203—377 mg/dL
Bleeding time 1—6 mins
LIPOPROTEINS AND TRIGLYCERIDES
Total Cholesterol Ideal: below 200
Borderline: 200—240
High: above 240
mg/dL
Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) <70 mg/dL
High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) <60 mg/dL
Triglycerides Normal: below 150
Borderline high: 150—199
High: 200—499
Very high: above 500
mg/dL
SGOT (AST) <35 IU/L
SGPT (ALT) <35 IU/L
CARDIAC MARKERS
Troponin (CTN-1 or CTN-T) Normal I: 0.03
Critical level I: above 1.5
Critical level T: 0.2
ng/L
C-reactive protein Below 0.8 mg/dL
CD40 Ligand 1.51—5.35 mg/L
Creatinine Kinase (CK-MB) 0—3 mcg/L
ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS
pH 7.35—7.45
Partial Pressure of CO2 (pCO2) 35—45 mmHg
Partial Pressure of O2 (pO2) 80—100 mmHg
Bicarbonate (HCO3) 22—26 mEq/L
Base Excess (BE) -2—+2 mEq/L
Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) 95—100%
THYROID FUNCTION STUDIES
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Adults: 0.2—5.4
Neonate: 3—20
mU/L
Thyroxine (Total T4) Adult: 5.4—11.5
Child: 6.4—13.3
mcg/dL
Free Thyroxine (Total T4 F4) Adult: 0.7—2.0 ng/dL
Thyroid-Binding Globulin (TBG) Male: 15—30
Female: 11.5—32.2
Pregnancy
1st Trimester: 19.8—64.7
2nd Trimester: 41.4—63.9
3rd Trimester: 31.0—73.6
mcg/dL
Triiodothyronine (Total T3) 75—200 ng/dL
Free Triiodothyronine (FT3) 260—480 pg/dL
Thyroglobulin (Tg) Antibody 5—25 ng/mL
TUMOR MARKERS
CA 19-9 Tumor Markers <37 U/mL
CA 27.29 Above 38 Uml
CA 15.3 Above 22 Uml
CA 125 0—35 Uml
Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) Above 5 ng/mL
THERAPEUTIC SERUM DRUG LEVELS
Carbamazepine (Tegretol) 4—10 mcg/mL
Digoxin (Lanoxin) 0.8—2.0 ng/mL
Lithium (Eskalith) 0.8—1.5 mEq/L
Phenobarbital (Solfoton) 15—40 mcg/mL
Theophylline (Aminophylline) 10—20 mcg/mL
Valproic Acid (Depakene) 50—100 mcg/mL
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