Nursing In Ghana

THE EASIEST WAY TO UNDERSTAND ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE MEDICATIONS

BETA-BLOCKERS (Ends in “lol”): also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. Lowers blood pressure by reducing the heart rate, heart’s workload and heart’s output.

EXAMPLES:

  • Acebutolol
  • Atenolol
  • Betaxolol
  • Bisoprolol fumarate
  • Carteolol hydrochloride
  • Metoprolol tartrate
  • Metoprolol succinate
  • Nadolol
  • Penbutolol sulfate
  • Pindolol
  • Propranolol hydrochloride
  • Timolol maleate

CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS (Ends in “dipine” with few exceptions): Calcium in cells causes stronger and harder contractions. Calcium channel blockers therefore prevent calcium from entering the smooth muscle cells of the heart and arteries. This result in decrease amount of calcium in the cells thereby reducing the contraction force of the heart.

EXAMPLES:

  • Amlodipine besylate
  • Nifedipine
  • Felodipine
  • Isradipine
  • Nicardipine
  • Nisoldipine
  • Bepridil vasocor
  • Diltiazem hydrochloride
  • Verapamil hydrochloride

ACE INHIBITORS (Ends in “pril”): Reduces the production of angiotensin(which causes arteries to become narrow) by inhibiting angiotensin-converting enzyme thereby help relax and open up blood vessels. This in turn, lowers the blood pressure.

EXAMPLES:

  • Lisinopril
  • Benazepril hydrochloride
  • Captopril
  • Enalapril maleate
  • Fosinopril sodium
  • Moexipril
  • Perindopril
  • Quinapril hydrochloride
  • Ramipril
  • Trandolapril
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Jude Arko

Chief Editor - Nursing In Ghana | Mental Health Nurse | Photog | App Developer

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